Two ways of Backup DVD Discs on Mac OS X 10.10 Yosemite

Whether you have music DVDs, latest fantastic DVD movies and other DVDs, it’s worth your time to make sure that your investment doesn’t become scratched, lost, stolen, or otherwise useless. As we know, Commercial discs are encrypted to make copying them a little more difficult. The first part of this guide will show you how to bypass that encryption and maintaining original structure without loss, second part is Directly Copy only DVD Main Movie and Leave Out Extras. Hold on reading...

copy dvd on mac os x 10.10yosemite
So what should we do, if we want to backup DVDs to Mac OS X 10.10 Yosemite? What we need only, is a DVD drive in your Mac, and a DVD Copy software. Here, We suggest you this Top Blu-ray/DVD Backup tool to achieve your goal smoothly. Overall, it can make a 1:1 copy of BD or DVD movies to your computer with all subtitles, audio streams and chapter information included. You could download it to take a try right now. 

How to Backup DVD on Mac OS X 10.10 Yosemite with Ease?

Option 1 - "Full Disc Copy" maintaining original structure without loss. 
Step 1. Directly download Pavtube BDMagic for Mac, Then install and drive it on Mac OS X 10.10 Yosemite.
Step 2. Launch it and load your DVD movie from discs to the app, Click the quick button "Copy the entire disc" to start copying Blu-ray with original structure. 
copy dvd on mac os x 10.10yosemite
Step 3. Click the “Browse” button to set output folder where you want to save the copied DVD movies. 

Step 4. Hit the copy the entire disc icon on this Top Blu-ray/DVD Backup tool main interface and start DVD backing up process.

Option-2: Directly Copy only DVD Main Movie and Leave Out Extras. 
Step 1. Load DVD movies.

Load DVD Disc to this Pavtube BDMagic for Mac, Launch it and click "Load from disc" button to import DVD movies.
copy dvd on mac os x 10.10yosemite
Step 2. Choose Directly Copy DVD disc. 

Click "Format" bar, choose "Copy" > "Directly Copy" from the Format menu and then specify a folder to save the VOB files from DVD disc.
copy dvd on mac os x 10.10yosemite
Step 3. Start DVD backup on Mac. 

Hit "Convert" button to start copying your DVD discs. When the copying work is done, you are able to click "Open" button to get the output .VOB files without any other extra structures or contents. 
Now, you don't need to worry about how to save the DVD discs' life even if they are terminally unusable. Hope you can find it more useful and helpful. Well worth a shot, in one word.

Transcode Blu-Ray library to NAS media server for playback on Smart TV

"I want to make a copy for backup my Blu-ray library to NAS server. And then I will stream them for watching on Smart TV. How to make it?"
Recently, there are lots of wonderful Blu-ray discs has came out. Just like: X-Men, How to Train Your Dragon 2, Godzilla, Transformers, etc. After you viewed in theatre, you may want to collect these discs and store them to your NAS. The aim is to save the time looking for Blu-ray discs from the cardboard, desk or the tons of collections. But, how to transcode Blu-ray library to NAS media server for playback on Smart TV? This article will give my own experience about it and it may provide some reference for you.
 Blu-Ray library

Through Google search, a special writing Blu-ray Ripper review site will show in front of you, you will find no matter from the actual price, or functional contrast, Pavtube BDMagic are very worth buying software. With it, you can fast rip and convert any latest Blu-ray discs to Smart TV friendly format with the original quality. In addition, the top Blu-ray Ripping & Copying software also allows you to backup any Blu-ray and DVD movies to Cloud Storage, Plex Server, E-library Server, etc.

Now, I will show a simply way: 

How to transcode Blu-ray movies to NAS server supported MKV format for streaming . 
Step 1. Run this Pavtube BDMagic , load Blu-ray discs, Blu-ray folder, Blu-ray ISO image files. This program will help you analysis ISO files automatically so that there’s no need to run virtual drive to mount ISO image files any more.  
Step 2. Click the “Format” menu, here you are suggested to choose “Common Video > MKV(Matroska) Video (*.mkv)”.


Tip: If you want to backup your blu-ray movies with keeping multiple audio tracks and subtitles, ByteCopy will be you ideal tool. Here take MKV as an example, and follow the easy guide below to rip Blu-ray for Smart TV Streaming with mkv format. Above all, If you choose ByteCopy as your assistant, just select “Lossless/encoded Multi-track MKV(*mkv)” format to output the Blu-ray with keeping multiple audio tracks, multiple subtitles. 

Step 3: If you like, modify profile settings such as video size, bitrate, frame rate, etc to get optimized video and audio playback. Here you can choose the 

Step 4: Return to BDMagic main interface, and hit the “Convert” button to start encoding Blu-ray to mkv format. 
Once it finshes, open output folder, locate the created mkv file and you can transform the converted files to NAS media server. Or you can play movies on Smart TV via USB flash drive.

Watch “Rio 2” DVD to InnoTab 3 Plus/3S Plus for kids

“My daughter liked this movie, but she did think that the first one was better. As an adult, I loved the movie.”

“my son was hooked on Rio at only a year old..We have been to see Rio 2 twice now. Can't wait to own it. It was so funny and Hunter loved it just the same as the first! Rio 2 was so much funnier than the first, and the first was HILARIOUS!”
When Does "Rio 2" Come out on DVD? The official US DVD release date for "Rio 2" has been set for July 15, 2014. What are you waiting for? Just buy it now and enjoy it with your kids. If you have no time with kids, why not try to play “Rio 2” on Vtech InnoTab 3 Plus/3S Plus for them. Beyond your imagination, they will be so quiet and seriously. 
play dvd to innotab 3 plus
As we know, The VTech InnoTab 3 Plus/3S is especially for Kids which is convenient and easy to carry out for watching movie or playing game with your children. If you have one and want to play your large DVD collections, You are in the right place, this article will show you the easiest way to enable “Rio 2” playback on Vtech InnoTab 3 Plus/3S Plus. Hold on reading...

What we need to know:

As Vtech InnoTab 3 Plus/3S Plus can't play DVD movies directly for the lack of DVD drive. To watch DVD movies on InnoTab 3 Plus/3S Plus, you need to convert DVD to InnoTab compatible format, to get this target, a professional DVD to InnoTab 3 Plus/3S Plus ripper is necessary. Here, Pavtube DVDAid can help you complete this goal with fast ripping speed and high output video quality. The most important is that this InnoTab3 Plus/3S Plus DVD Ripper can handle any new protected DVDs, such as CSS, region code, RCE, Sony ArccOS, UOPs and even the latest as well as most sophisticated Disney X-project DRM. The audio/video synchronization is very good, the size of the subtitles too. 
Follow the steps below to put “Rio 2” DVD movie to Vtech InnoTab 3 Plus/3S Plus for smoothly playing! 

Step 1: Download the trial version of Pavtube DVDAid, or buy it now to enjoy Summer Holiday special offer. 

Step 2: After you insert the DVD into DVDAid, launch it and load “Rio 2” DVD moviewith “Load file” icon. It also supports IFO image files. Below is the screenshot of the main interface after you load DVD movie. 
play dvd to innotab 3 plus
Step 3: Then you need to choose the output format. Although Pavtube does not have the specific profile for InnoTab 3 Plus/3S as iPad, you could choose “H.264 Video (*.mp4)” format under “Common Video”. 
play dvd to innotab 3 plus
Step 4: Customize the profile settings. You can adjust the video bitrate, frame rate, audio channels, etc. According to video testing result, for watching videos on the Android tablet, 720p with 1500~2500kbps is just all right. 
Step 5: Click the “Convert” button to start the conversion. Just waiting for a while and then you will get the output videos. 

Step 6. After conversion, you can transfer the converted videos to InnoTab 3 Plus/3S Plus from PC. 

1.How to add some simple subtitles for kids to learn words?
If your children begins to learn words, you could add some subtitles for the output videos so that they can review the simple words when enjoying the movies. But you will feel vexed that you don’t know how to do it. Don’t worry we will show you an easy way: Find a suitable subtitle and then get iMedia Converter for Mac to add SRT/ASS/SSA subtitle to MP4.
2. How to make a copy of DVD movies?
If you want to make 1:1 copy of original DVD disc without quality loss with all audio streams, subtitle tracks, extras, etc, you can click the "Copy the entire disc" icon to meet your needs.
3. Is it possible to move MKV/AVI/VOB/M2TS/Tivo/MPG/WMV videos to the three new tablets for kids? Follow this guide.  

Watch DVD ISO/IFO on Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4 freely

There are lots of tablets that Samsung has ever released, among all of them, I personally prefer the Galaxy Tab S 8.4-inch model and highly recommend it, but if you’re a larger tablet kind of person, the 10.5 is equally as fantastic.The 8.4 and 10.5 are clearly gunning for the iPad Mini Retina and iPad Air, and they’re doing a damn good job of it.
convert dvd iso ifo to galaxy tab s
If you as a movie lover, you may have too much DVDs. In order to save more space, keep DVD discs from scratching, or manage your movies in a more convenient way, you may thinking about backing up them into ISO image files. Then what if to play DVD ISO/IFO files on your Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4? As we know, ISO format is not supported by Google Galaxy Tab S. To complete put DVD ISO/IFO on Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4 for freely, you will need to convert ISO/IFO to Galaxy Tab S supported video formats like MP4 first and then transfer the converter videos to your Galaxy Tab S with Pavtube DVDAid at ease. 
What Pavtube DVDAid can also do for you?
This top Galaxy Tab S DVD ISO/IFO Ripper can rip DVD ISO image files to Google Galaxy Tab S highly compatible video files. All you have to do with few clicks. Besides, this DVD ripper can also convert DVD ISO/IFO to all regular video formats like MP4, MOV, MKV, FLV, AVI, WMV, MPG, ASF, etc. with smart video editing features. The equivalent Mac version is Pavtube DVDAID for Mac. Just download the right version and follow the below guide.

You may have other problems about Galaxy Tab S: 
Blu-ray to Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4
AVI to Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4
1080p/720p MKV on Galaxy Tab S 

Windows-based guide: Transferring and Putting DVD ISO/IFO files to Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4 for Playback 

Step 1. Launch the best Galaxy Tab S DVD ISO/IFO Ripper. Click on "IFO/ISO" icon to load your ISO image file into this program. 
convert dvd iso ifo to galaxy tab s
Step 2. Click "Format" bar, you can easily find the optimized videos for the Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4 under "Samsung >  Samsung Galaxy Tab 3 Video (*.mp4) ". If you like, you can also click the "Settings"  button to change the video resolution, encoder, frame rate, etc. 
convert dvd iso ifo to galaxy tab s
Tip: For watching DVD ISO/IFO videos on Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4, set 1280* 800p as size with 2000~2500kbps is just all right. I found bitrate higher results in big file size, and lower visible quality loss, and vice versa. 
convert dvd iso ifo to galaxy tab s
Step 3. When everything is OK, just press the "Convert" button to start the conversion for ISO/IFO to Galaxy Tab S MP4 videos. It will not take much time. Just wait for the conversion process to get done. 

Well, this is a full guide about DVD ISO/IFO files playback on Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4, hope you can enjoy it and have fun!

Easily Play 1080p/720p MKV on Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4

Summary: This article offers a brief instruction about how to get 1080p/720p mkv movies onto Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4 for playing on Win/Mac. 
put mkv movies on galaxy tab s
“I have a problem is that can Galaxy Tab S tablets play mkv movies? According to the official introduction, Galaxy Tab S are able to play 720p,1080p movies. But, some reviews said that, the tablet's dual-core CPU has trouble running large 1080p movies smoothly. However, when I sync, I get an error message that says the file cannot be played in Galaxy Tab S 10.5 or my friends’ Galaxy Tab S 8.4. Any ideas?" 
You may have the same questions. According to my own experience, the one reason(maybe there are more), mkv format isn’t compatible well with Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4, due to MKV’s own characteristics- multiple subtitles, multiple audio tracks, containing different audio and video codecs. Most users found that DTS auido codec contained in a MKV file is hard to handle by most of the Android tablets, Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4 included. And we found the 3rd party app may not support all the MKV files, don’t mention the built-in video player on Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4. 

Fortunately, I’ve solved this problem. As far as I know, h.264 mp4 format is the best for android devices. Samsung Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4 also could play it well. And it’s considered as the good balance between video quality and file size. Under normal circumstances, a complete movie file with this format won’t be over 4GB. 
If you agree with me, I recommended you Pavtube Video Converter Ultimate which can help convert 1080p/720p MKV on Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4 with few clicks. Besides MKV, it also an ideal app to help you to convert Blu-ray, DVD, and HD videos to almost any other common video format such as VOB, FLV, WMV, AVI, MKV or backup the BD, DVD keeping the whole movie structure as you need. With it, you can enjoy 2D/3D Blu-ray/DVD and HD videos on Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4. 

Convert and transfer 1080p/720p MKV video to Samsung Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4 

1.Your Samsung Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4
2.Your favorite Videos or Movies
3.A Professional Galaxy Tab S Video Converter Ultimate is a professional video to Galaxy Tab S conversion program which support most mainstream video formats, and convert them to perfect video size and format for playback on Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4. 

Tutorials: Converting 1080p/720p MKV videos to Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4 with friendly format 
Step 1. Click the "Add video" icon to import 1080p and 720p movie files correspondingly. 
put mkv movies on galaxy tab s
Step 2. Click "Format" menu and go through the dropdown list, you are recommended to choose the "Samsung -> Samsung Galaxy Tab 3 Video(*.mp4)". It is also fit for  Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4. 
put mkv movies on galaxy tab s
Step 3. Check the pencil-like icon to activate the editing function. Here you can trim video for your needed length, crop video to get rid of annoying black edges, join multiple video clips into one, add text/image watermark and add subtitles. 

Step 4. Click on "Settings" to modify the video size (resolution) as 1280*800. For watching videos on Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4, 2000~2500kbps is just all right. 
put mkv movies on galaxy tab s
Pls notes that the video quality improved with the bitrate, but not the higher the better. You need to consider your device configuration as the high bitrate required higher read&write speed.

Step 5. Ok now click the “Convert” button to start converting 1080p and 720p movies for playing onGalaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4. It supports batch conversion, you can import and transcode multiple movies files at one time. 

Once the process completes, download and transfer the result MP4 videos to your Samsung Galaxy Tab S. In this way, you can play 1080p/720p MKV on Samsung Galaxy Tab S 10.5/8.4 at ease. 
Tip: You can follow the tutorial to successfully transfer Video, Music, Photo, iBook from PC to Galaxy Tab S.

After use this best MKV to Galaxy Tab S converter, Enjoy your 1080p videos and 720p movies on Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4 for smoothly. 

DVD to Galaxy S5 - How to put DVDs to Galaxy S5 for playback

DVD to Galaxy S5 for playback questions:   

Q1: “How do I get DVD movies to Galaxy S5? I have the DVD of the movie and I want to get it on my SD card. I have a Samsung Galaxy S5 phone. And I have no clue on how to do that. What would happen if I put the DVD disc in the computer and plug my phone in and dragged the DVD onto my phone? Thanks for the advice.” 
rip dvd to samsung galaxy s5
The Samsung Galaxy S5 with 5.1” FHD Super AMOLED (1920 x 1080), 432 ppi display, and 142.0 x 72.5 x 8.1mm, 145g of dimension running Android 4.4.2 (Kitkat). All of the stunning features ensure you a wonderful movie enjoyment. But, as the questions showed above, there are many users have the DVD to Galaxy S5 for playback issues, so here we will show the Galaxy S5 video format supported & Audio format supported, hope the information can help you.
Samsung Galaxy S5 supported file types:
UHD@30fps, HDR, video stabilization
Video Codec: H.263, H.264(AVC), MPEG4, VC-1, Sensor Spark, MP43, WMV7, WMV8,  VP8
Video Format: MP4, M4V, 3GP, 3G2, WMV, ASF, AVI, FLV, MKV, WEBM
Audio Codec: MP3, AMR-NB/WB, AAC/ AAC+/ eAAC+, WMA, Vorbis, FLAC
Solution: Convert DVD to Galaxy S5 compatible MP4 videos 

Obviously, the Samsung Galaxy S5 will not be able to read the DVD disc movies directly. Also, you may have tried, you cannot simply drag DVD disc files onto your phone. It won't work just like that. For many other files, say DVDs, you need to convert DVDs to Galaxy S5 compatible MP4 videos, and then you can play movies on Galaxy S5 smoothly. 
Best DVD to Galaxy S5 converter

To convert DVDs, you will need a DVD converter, here we recommend Pavtube DVDAid, which enables you to bypass the DVD copy protection and convert DVD to Galaxy S5 as MP4 video formats without hassle. It can also rip your DVD video to virtually any format such as MOV, WMV, AVI, MKV, FLV, MPG, 3GP, etc. Then you can just download it and follow the steps below to transfer DVD to Galaxy S5, for playing smoothly.
Tutorial: Four Steps to Rip DVD to Samsung Galaxy S5 for Playback with Top Quality
Step 1. Get this DVD to Galaxy S5 Converter installed and import DVD.

Click "Load Files" to load disc from ROM, IFO/ISO or DVD folder. Pavtube DVDAid will detect and check the main title automatically; keep it as default unless you also want to convert the tidbits. 
rip dvd to samsung galaxy s5
Step 2. Choose Galaxy S5 video format.

Click the drop-down list besides “Format”, select Samasung > Samsung Galaxy S III Video (*.mp4) as the best profile for Galaxy S5. The output videos could fit on your device perfectly.  

rip dvd to samsung galaxy s5
Step 3. Customize outputting video specs. (Optional)

You can click Settings bottom to adjust the output parameters including video codec, size, bitrate, frame rate and sample rate(Hz).

rip dvd to samsung galaxy s5
Step 4. Start converting DVD to Galaxy S5.

Click the red "Convert" to start converting DVD to MP4 for Galaxy S5. After conversion, you can click "Open output folder" to quick location converted videos and transfer to your Galaxy S5 for playback.
Additional Tips:

1. If you want to know how to transfer files from computer to Samsung Galaxy S5 , you can read:Here
2. There are a lot of mail types around us such as Gmail, hotmail, etc. As a communication means, mail connects people in every corner of the world. If you got an AOL account, you can check mails on PC conveniently. But the question is how to check your AOL mails on the go on a portable device such as a new Samsung Galaxy S5? Read: Here

3. If you have lots of Blu-ray discs and want to enable these blu-rays to your Samsung Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4, you can read:Here 

Stream Blu-ray ISO images to iPad Air for Mac users

Question: “I ordered Apple iPad Air tablet has arrived and have couple of Blu-ray ISO images saved on my computer. In fact, I would like to view them on my new iPad Air, but cannot directly watch on it. I try to find an easy way to convert my Blu-ray ISO files to iPad Air on Mac with friendly video playback format, can anyone help?”  
Solution: That’s pretty easy I have to say. Find software can support converting your Blu-ray ISO files to iPad Air supported format like H.264 codec .mp4. With the release of Pavtube Blu-ray ISO to iPad Air Converter for Mac (now is 30% off ) the problem can be solved. 

blu-ray iso to ipad air on mac
Below is a detailed guide which will show how to transfer blu-ray ISO to MP4 for iPad Air with best settings and proper size. Without conversion and transcoding, without losing any quality, just need four steps, it is possible to convert Blu-ray ISO to iPad Air supported video format. If you are a Windows user, you can use its equivalent Windows version Blu-ray ISO to iPad Air Converter to do the conversion on your Windows PC (including Windows 8.1).  
Converting Blu-ray ISO for playback with iPad Air on Mac 

Step 1. Get Top Blu-ray ISO to iPad Air Converter and Load Blu-ray ISO image file. Download, install and launch it on your PC. Click the “Load IFO/ISO” button to import your source Blu-ray ISO image file.
blu-ray iso to ipad air on mac
Step 2. Choose audio track and subtitles for output.
On Blu-ray ISO to iPad Air Ripper main UI, set your wanted subtitles and audio track from the drop-down box of “Subtitles” and “Audio” tab.
blu-ray iso to ipad air on mac
Step 3. Select iPad Air suitable profile and adjust profile presets (optional).
Pavtube BDMagic for Mac offers users dozens of profiles under “Format” menu so you would always get an optimized profile for your portable device.
In order to convert Blu-ray ISO to the new iPad Air with 1080p image quality, you are suggested to choose “iPad Air Full HD Video(*.mp4)” format for output. If you don't need full size, you can select other presets from iPad Air option.
blu-ray iso to ipad air on mac   
Step 4. Start ripping Blu-ray ISO to iPad Air.

Now you are ready to hit the “Convert” icon to start ripping. After it completes, click the “Open” button on program interface to locate the created MP4 file, and transfer the converted Blu-ray ISO image file to your new iPad Air with iTunes.

Now, Let’s enjoy our Blu-ray ISO images on the iPad Air for smoothly playback. Have fun! If you’re looking for a DVD tool, you can Rip DVD to iPad Air/iPad Air 2 with the Subtitles or Closed Captioning burned on Mac, read : Here
Futher more reading: 

What is Blu-ray ISO image file?

Literally, an ISO image is an archive file of an optical disc, a type of disk image composed of the data contents of every written sector of an optical disc, including the optical disc file system. It could keep the original Blu-ray movie quality to the greatest extent and avoid disc damage, so many people choose to backup discs as ISO image file.

Watch Blu-ray movies to Samsung Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4

The Samsung Galaxy Tab S features an 10.5-inch and 8.4-inch Super AMOLED screen with a 2,560 x 1,600-pixel resolution, which is great for us to browse the websites, play games, and watch movies. However, the problem is that the Samsung Galaxy Tab S doesn't have a Blu-ray-ROM for playing Blu-ray movies, you need to convert Blu-ray to video files that are supported by Galaxy tablet and then transfer the video files to your tablet for playback. Looking for a reliable way to do that? 
blu ray to samsung galaxy tab s

Of course, first you need to get a best Blu-ray to Galaxy Tab S converter, Puzzle at which one to select? Here, Pavtube BDMagic (Now, you can get 30% off ) highly recommended to help you backup and rip Blu-ray to MP4 videos to play on Samsung Galaxy Tab S.
Which features we should focus on when choose a best Blu-ray to Galaxy Tab S converter? 

A.How effective is the converter when it rips Blu-ray, DVD copy protection? B. What about the video quality after conversion, will it be nice without those annoying scratches and other irregularities?
C. How about the conversion speed, is it real-time, or far beyond real-time? 

With Pavtube BDMagic, you can fast rip your Blu-ray, DVD collections as well as ISO/IFO image files to Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4 videos with optimized video settings bypass the Blu-ray/DVD copy protection. If you are using Mac OS, you can refer to BDMagic for Mac . Download the tool and get the step-by-step tutorial. 
Step 1. Import Blu-ray disc/ISO/folder.

Click "Load files" to choose import from ROM, Blu-ray ISO/IFO or Blu-ray folder. It will detect and check the main title automatically; so keep it as default unless you want to include tidbits.
Step 2. Choose output profile 

Choose output profile via clicking the Format bar. Here I recommend you select "Samsung > Samsung Galaxy Tab 3 Video(*.mp4)" as the export format. The output videos could fit on Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4 perfectly. 
blu ray to samsung galaxy tab s
Tip: If you think the video size and image quality are not suitable for your Samsung tablet, you can first choose any one of the provided types, then change the settings. Please remember the file size is based more on bitrate than resolution which means bitrate higher results in bigger file size, and lower visible quality loss. 

Step 3. Start Blu-ray to Galaxy Tab S conversion 

When everything is OK, just press "Convert" button to start to rip Blu-ray to Galaxy Tab S 10.5 and 8.4 mp4 videos. 

Useful Tips: 
If you planning to rip DVDs for playing on Galaxy Tab S, you will need a DVD to Galaxy Tab S Converted

That’s all, enjoy the movies with best format to your Galaxy Tab S on the go.